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dc.contributor.authorKawahara, A.
dc.contributor.authorKawakita, A.
dc.contributor.authorRegier, J.
dc.contributor.authorMitter, C.
dc.contributor.authorCummings, M.
dc.contributor.authorDavis, D.
dc.contributor.authorWagner, D.
dc.contributor.authorDe Prins, J.
dc.contributor.authorLopez-Vaamonde, C.
dc.contributor.authorOhshima, I.
dc.descriptionResearchers conducting molecular phylogenetic studies are frequently faced with the decision of what to do when weak branch support is obtained for key nodes of importance. As one solution, the researcher may choose to sequence additional orthologous genes of appropriate evolutionary rate for the taxa in the study. However, generating large, complete data matrices can become increasingly difficult as the number of characters increases. A few empirical studies have shown that augmenting genes even for a subset of taxa can improve branch support. We target Gracillariidae, a Cretaceous-age (~100 Ma) group of leaf-mining moths to test whether the strategy of adding genes for a subset of taxa can improve branch support for deep nodes. We initially sequenced ten genes (8,418 bp) for 57 taxa that represent the major lineages of Gracillariidae plus outgroups. After finding that many deep divergences remained weakly supported, we sequenced eleven additional genes (6,375 bp) for a 27-taxon subset. We then compared results from different data sets to assess whether one sampling design can be favored over another. Partially or fully augmenting a data set with more characters increased bootstrap support for particular deep nodes, and this increase was dramatic when non-synonymous changes were analyzed alone. The addition of sites that have low levels of saturation and compositional heterogeneity greatly improved results. We also apply new transcriptome data and examine the effects of adding these data to infer the phylogeny of Gracillariidae.
dc.titleNon-synonymous changes and increased gene sampling improves phylogenetic estimates for higher-level groups within leaf-mining moths and relatives (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)
dc.subject.frascatiBiological sciences
dc.source.titleXXIV International Congress of Entomology 'New Era in Entomology', Daegu, Korea
dc.relation.projectThe discovery of a new genus of Lithocolletinae (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) associated with Cistaceae ( Federal )

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