Venus mesospheric sulfur dioxide measurement retrieved from SOIR on board Venus Express
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SOIR on board Venus Express sounds the Venus upper atmosphere using the solar occultation technique. It detects the signature from many Venus atmosphere species, including those of SO2 and CO2. SO2 has a weak absorption structure at 4 µm, from which number density profiles are regularly inferred. SO2 volume mixing ratios (VMR) are calculated from the total number density that are also derived from the SOIR measurements. This work is an update of the previous work by Belyaev et al. (2012), considering the SO2 profiles on a broader altitude range, from 65 to 85 km. Positive detection VMR profiles are presented. In 68% of the occultation spectral datasets, SO2 is detected. The SO2 VMR profiles show a large variability up to two orders of magnitude, on a short term time scales. We present mean VMR profiles for various bins of latitudes, and study the latitudinal variations; the mean latitude variations are much smaller than the short term temporal variations. A permanent minimum showing a weak latitudinal structure is observed. Long term temporal trends are also considered and discussed. The trend observed by Marcq et al. (2013) is not observed in this dataset. Our results are compared to literature data and generally show a good agreement.
CitationMahieux, A.; Vandaele, A.C.; Robert, S.; Wilquet, V.; Drummond, R.; Chamberlain, S.; Belyaev, D.; Bertaux, J.L. (2015). Venus mesospheric sulfur dioxide measurement retrieved from SOIR on board Venus Express. , Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 113-114, 193-204, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2014.12.011.