Stratospheric response to chemical perturbations
De Rudder, A.
Earth and related Environmental sciences
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The paper presents a coupled chemical-radiative one-dimensional model which is used to assess the steady-state and time-dependent composition and temperature changes in relation to the release in the atmosphere of chemicals such as CO2, N2O, CH4, NOx and chlorofluorocarbons. The model indicates that a doubling in CO2 leads to an increase in temperature of 12.7 K near the stratopause and to an increase in total ozone of 3.3% with a local enhancement of 17% at 40 km altitude. Additional release of N2O leads to an ozone reduction in the middle stratosphere. The reduction in the ozone column is predicted to be equal to 8.8% when the amount of N2O is doubled. The chemical effect of CH4 on ozone is particularly important in the troposphere. A doubling in the mixing ratio of this gas enhances the O3 concentration by 11% at 5 km. The predicted increase of the ozone column is equal to 1.4%. A constant emission of CFCl3 (230 kT/yr) and CF2Cl2 (300 kT/yr) leads to a steady-state reduction in the ozone column of 1.9% compared to the present-day situation. The effect of some uncertainties in the chemical scheme as well as the impact of a high chlorine perturbation are briefly discussed. Finally the results of a time dependent calculation assuming a realistic scenario for the emission of chemical species are presented and analyzed.
CitationBrasseur, G.; De Rudder, A.; Tricot, C. (1985). Stratospheric response to chemical perturbations. , Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 2, 261-288, DOI: 10.1007/BF00210500.