Observations of Lyman-α emissions of hydrogen and deuterium
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A spectrophotometer was flown on Spacelab 1 to study various mechanisms of Lyman-α emission in the upper atmosphere. The use of absorption cells filled with H2 and D2 gases allowed us to discriminate a number of weak Lyman-α emissions heretofore masked by the strong H geocoronal emission due to resonance scattering of solar photons. Preliminary results are presented on three topics: the first optical detection of the deuterium Lyman-α emission at 110 kilometers, with an intensity of 330 rayleighs indicating an eddy diffusion coefficient of 1.3 × 106 square centimeters per second; auroral proton precipitations seen on both the night and the day side; and an emission located above 250 kilometers of altitude, interpreted as the result of charge exchange of magnetospheric protons with geocoronal atoms.
CitationBertaux, J.L.; Goutail, F.; Kockarts, G. (1984). Observations of Lyman-α emissions of hydrogen and deuterium. , Science, Vol. 225, Issue 4658, 174-176, DOI: 10.1126/science.225.4658.174.