Hydrodynamics and groundwater flow in a basalt-capped Mesozoic sedimentary series of the Ethiopian highlands
Nyssen , J.
Van Camp, M.
De Smedt, F.
Earth and related Environmental sciences
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A hydrogeological study was undertaken in the Zenako-Argaka catchment, near Hagere Selam in Tigray, northern Ethiopia during the rainy season of 2006. A geological map was produced through geophysical measurements and field observations, and a fracture zone identified in the north west of the catchment. A perched water table is formed within the Trap Basalt series, above the laterised upper Aram Aradam Sandstones. A map of this water table was compiled, and water level variation during the measurement period was at least 4.5 meters. Variation in basal flow for the whole catchment for the measurement period was between 12 m3/day and 276 m3/day. A groundwater flow model was produced using Visual Modflow, indicating the general direction of flow to be towards the south, and illustrating that the waterways have only a limited influence on groundwater flow. The soil water budget was calculated for the period 1995-2006, which showed the important influence of the distribution of rainfall in time. Although Hagere Selam received some 724 mm of rainfall per year over this period, the strong seasonal variation in rainfall meant there was a water deficit for on average 10 months per year.
CitationVandecasteele, I.; Nyssen , J.; Clymans, W.; Moeyersons, J.; Martens, K.; Van Camp, M.; Gebreyohannes, T.; De Smedt, F.; Deckers, J.; Walraevens, K. (2010). Hydrodynamics and groundwater flow in a basalt-capped Mesozoic sedimentary series of the Ethiopian highlands. , Hydrogeology Journal,