Solar Energetic Particles and Space Weather: Science and Applications
Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland
MetadataShow full item record
This chapter provides an overview on solar energetic particles (SEPs) and their association to space weather, both from the scientific as well as from the applications perspective. A historical overview is presented on how SEPs were discovered in the 1940s and how our understanding has increased and evolved since then. Current state-of-the-art based on unique measurements obtained in the 3-dimensional heliosphere (e.g. by the Ulysses, ACE, STEREO spacecraft) and their analysis is also presented. Key open questions on SEP research expected to be answered in view of future missions that will explore the solar corona and inner heliosphere are highlighted. This is followed by an introduction to why SEPs are studied, describing the risks that SEP events pose on technology and human health. Mitigation strategies for solar radiation storms as well as examples of current SEP forecasting systems are reviewed, in context of the two novel real-time SEP forecasting tools developed within the EU H2020 HESPERIA project.
CitationMalandraki, O.E.; Crosby, N.B. (2018). Solar Energetic Particles and Space Weather: Science and Applications. (Malandraki, O.E., Ed.), Astrophysics and Space Science Library: Solar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis: The HESPERIA HORIZON 2020 Project and Beyond, Vol. 444, 1-26, Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60051-2_1.