Impulsive penetration of filamentary plasma elements into the magnetospheres of the Earth and Jupiter
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Assuming that the solar wind plasma is usually non-uniform over distances of 10,000 km or less, it is shown that filamentary plasma elements stretched out from the Sun can penetrate impulsively and become engulfed into the magnetosphere. The diamagnetic effects associated with these plasma inhomogeneities are observed in outer magnetospheres and magnetosheaths as dips or directional discontinuities in the magnetic field measurements. From the mean penetration distances of these diamagnetic plasma elements one can deduce a mean deceleration time, as well as an approximate value of the integrated Pedersen conductivity in the polar cusp of the Earth and Jupiter.
CitationLemaire, J. (1977). Impulsive penetration of filamentary plasma elements into the magnetospheres of the Earth and Jupiter. , Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 25, Issue 9, 887-890, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(77)90042-3.