Multifractal Analysis of Heliospheric Magnetic Field Fluctuations Observed by Ulysses
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We present the multifractal study of the intermittency of the magnetic field turbulence in the fast and slow solar wind beyond the ecliptic plane during two solar minima (1997–1998, 2007–2008) and solar maximum (1999–2001). More precisely, we consider 126 time intervals of Ulysses magnetic field measurements, obtain the multifractal spectra, and examine the degree of multifractality as the measure of intermittency in the MHD range of scales, for a wide range of heliocentric distances and heliolatitudes. The results show a slow decrease of intermittency with the radial distance, which is more significant for the fast than for the slow solar wind. Analysis of Alfvénic and compressive fluctuations confirms the decrease of intermittency with distance and latitude. This radial dependence of multifractality/intermittency may be explained by a slower evolution of turbulence beyond the ecliptic plane and by the reduced efficiency of intermittency drivers with the distance from the Sun. Additionally, our analysis shows that the greatest differences between magnetic field components are revealed close to the Sun, where intermittency is the strongest. Moreover, we observe that the slow solar wind from the maximum of the solar cycle 23 exhibits in general, a lower level of multifractality (intermittency) than fast solar wind, which can be related to the idea of a new type of Alfvénic slow solar wind.
CitationWawrzaszek, A.; Echim, M.; Bruno, R. (2019). Multifractal Analysis of Heliospheric Magnetic Field Fluctuations Observed by Ulysses. , The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 876, Issue 2, A153, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1750.