Evaluation of OMI NO2 Vertical Columns Using MAX-DOAS Observations over Mexico City
Ojeda Lerma, Z.
Rivera Cardenas, C.
Earth and related Environmental sciences
MetadataShow full item record
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a gas pollutant that can be measured from space and several operational products are now available from instruments on-board of satellite-based platforms. There are still, however, many unknowns about the accuracy of these products under different viewing and surface conditions since ground-based observations are generally scarce. This is particularly the case of high-altitude sub-tropical megacities such as the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). In this study, we use more than five years of data from four ground-based MAX-DOAS instruments distributed within the MCMA in order to evaluate the DOMINO product from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on board the Aura satellite. We compare OMI against each MAX-DOAS site independently using the vertical column densities (VCDs) reported by each instrument. The VCDs are also compared after smoothing the MAX-DOAS profiles with the a priori and the Averaging Kernels of the satellite product. We obtain an overall correlation coefficient (R) of 0.6 that does not improve significantly after the smoothing is applied. However, the slopes in the linear regressions for the individual sites improve when applying the smoothing from 0.36 to 0.62 at UNAM, from 0.26 to 0.49 at AcatlÃ¡n, from 0.78 to 1.23 at Vallejo, and from 0.50 to 0.97 at the CuautitlÃ¡n station. The large differences observed between the OMI and MAX-DOAS VCDs are attributed to a reduced sensitivity of the satellite product near the surface and the large aerosol loading typically present within the mixed layer of the MCMA. This may also contribute to a slight overestimation of the VCDs from the MAX-DOAS measurements that presents a total error (random + systematic) of about 20%. As a result of this comparison, we find that OMI retrievals are on average 56% lower than the MAX-DOAS without any correction. The near-surface concentrations are estimated from the lowest layers of the MAX-DOAS retrievals and these compare well with surface measurements from in situ analyzers operated at the co-located air quality monitoring stations. The diurnal variability for each station is analyzed and discussed in relation to their location within the city.
CitationOjeda Lerma, Z.; Rivera Cardenas, C.; Friedrich, M.M.; Stremme, W.; Bezanilla, A.; Arellano, E.J.; Grutter, M. (2021). Evaluation of OMI NO2 Vertical Columns Using MAX-DOAS Observations over Mexico City. , Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Issue 4, A761, DOI: 10.3390/rs13040761.