Solar variability and stochastic effects on climate
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The effect of fluctuations on a simple energy balance model is examined. A new, long characteristic time scale referring to the passage between different stable climatic states is identified. It is shown that a weak external forcing whose period is comparable to this scale enables the system to switch between different states with a high probability. The connection with glaciation cycles is pointed out.
CitationNicolis, C. (1981). Solar variability and stochastic effects on climate. , Solar Physics, Vol. 74, Issue 2, 473-478, DOI: 10.1007/BF00154530.