"Archaeomagnetic investigation of two Mediaeval brick constructions in North Belgium and the magnetic anisotropy of bricks"
Earth and related Environmental sciences
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Archaeomagnetic dates derived from geomagnetic field direction records in baked materials are proposed for a mediaeval brick kiln (from inclination I and declination D) and for bricks from a brick wall (from I onldy) in northern Belgium. They are used to verify whether a brick chronology based on the format of bricks is feasible in Flanders. The brick kiln yielded a highly reliable average magnetization direction corresponding to an archaeomagnetic date around A.D. 1650, using the British and French geomagnetic field secular variation curves as a reference, at least half a century younger than expected from historical data. The fidelity of the geomagnetic records was controlled by measuring the magnetic anisotropy of the bricks. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) measurements demonstrate that the bricks have a shape related magnetic fabric, which is induced during the molding process. A test to control whether AMS can substitute for the anisotropy of thermo-remanent magnetization (ATRM) failed because of induced changes during laboratory heating. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
CitationHus, J.; Ech-Chakrouni,S.; Jordanova,D.; Geeraerts, R. (2003). "Archaeomagnetic investigation of two Mediaeval brick constructions in North Belgium and the magnetic anisotropy of bricks". , Issue Geoarcheology: An International Journal, 18, n° 2, pp. 225-253, IRM,